Dr Matt's Archive of Answers
Talk to Dr Matt!
When you buy Changing Your Stripes
Come visit Dr Matt at Facebook!
The rhetoric against Senate Bill S.3408 demonstrates how propaganda works in America, and how easily propaganda is accepted and digested. Opponents begin by misrepresenting what the Bill is really about. The propagandist creates an erroneous argument that no one can disagree with, like: "This abominable Bill deprives Americans of their Constitutional Right to Mom, Apple Pie, and the 4th of July!" — who wouldn't stand up and speak out in defense of All-American Apple Pie?
This propaganda technique is called Demagoguing!
Demagogue = A leader who obtains power by impassioned appeals to the emotions and prejudices of the populace.
Demagoguing = The process of obtaining power by impassioned appeals to the emotions and prejudices of the populace.
But instead of Deprivation of Rights to Apple Pie & the 4th of July, opponents falsely claim that the COICA Bill "censors freedom of speech on the Internet" — and who wouldn't stand up in defense of that issue? But here's the problem: The COICA Bill is really about enforcing federal laws against the theft of copyrited products, and use of the Internet to profit from that theft.
Since when is Freedom of Theft, a First Amendment Right? We overstep the bounds of the First Amendment, when we infringe upon the liberties of others by stealing their stuff.
The "COICA" Bill is not about censoring free speech rights at all; you can continue to say about anything you want on the Internet! The "Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act" empowers law enforcement to stop websites dedicated to online piracy and the sale of counterfeit goods. The 19 Senators who unanimously passed this Bill in committee had high concern for fraud initiated by foreign-based websites, piracy that is draining an estimated 100 Billion a year from the U.S. Economy. This theft of copyrited "Intellectual Property" by websites originating in foreign countries, results in the loss of thousands of American Jobs.
If we learned anything from the illegitimate passage of ObamaCare, it should have been that is important to actually READ THE BILL, before passing it. A similar lesson to be learned by "we the people" is to READ THE BILL, or become thoroughly informed about it, before forming an opinion.
Oh but why be so honorable and responsible? It's much more fun to receive and spread over-generalizing, inaccurate propaganda: "this Bill denies due process," . . . "this Bill is draconian," . . . "this Bill deprives Americans of Free Speech Rights." Dr Matt's first rule of Evidence is this: "Saying it, doesn't make it so!" Honorable Americans will escape the realm of rhetoric and look for tangible facts about this issue, and all other issues.
Speaking of "rhetoric," the way some people have been informed (or mis-informed) on this issue, is to rely upon second-hand accounts from other people who haven't READ THE BILL either. I know it's a novel idea, but actually READING THE BILL could be a good thing!? If you want to be intellectually honest, cut through the propaganda, and go straight to the truth, then READ the Law at the center of controversy — reprinted below for your reading pleasure.
Imagine forming an a well-developed opinion about a person, before actually meeting that person? That's called prejudice or pre-judgment. Instead of getting to know a person face to face, "prejudice" means that we form opinions based upon out-of-context fragments and biased information, i.e., "He must be a terrible person because his skin-color is ______." OR "I know she's a rotten lady because her religion is ______." OR "They are surely despicable people, for their political party is ______."
Having read the entire Bill, I can tell you that the words "censor" and "censorship" are NOT in it. The "Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act" will not censor anyone's lawful Free Speech on the Internet.
Now, if this Bill could possibly deny lawful rights of Free Speech, don't you think at least one of the 19 Senators who sponsored the bill would have said, "stop, I can't vote for a bill that denies the People their constitutional rights!" — no, not one Senator said this. Why so? Because the COICA Bill is not about censoring the Free Speech of law-abiding citizens, but IS about enforcing federal laws against fraud and theft of copyrited material (among other things as detailed below).
By mischaracterizing the Bill in the first place, opponents are able to get millions of Americans frothing at the mouth over a supposed violation of Constitutional Rights — a deceptive bait & switch that turns real issues of piracy, fraud, and theft into imagined, theoretical issues of "free speech."
The Bill below is written in legalese, so it's not easy reading. But if a person is going to form an opinion about this Bill, he or she better take the time to learn the facts! Just as one might actually take time to met a person face to face, before forming an opinion about that person. Anything less, is prejudice. And on the topic of "prejudice" the father of American Psychology, William James, said this:
A great many people think they are thinking
People tend to gravitate towards information that agrees with their present opinion, regardless of its factual validity. To do such, is to cease thinking intelligently and honorably. In sorting Fact from Fiction, it is also important to remember Mark Twain's sage advice:
It ain't what you don't know that makes you a fool,
Here's a summary given by the non-partisan Congressional Research Service.
SUMMARY AS OF 9/20/2010
Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act - Amends the federal criminal code to authorize the Attorney General (AG) to commence an action for injunctive relief against a domain name used by an Internet site that is "dedicated to infringing activities," even where such a domain name is not located in the United States. Defines an Internet site that "dedicated to infringing activities" as a site that is: (1) subject to civil forfeiture; (2) designed primarily to offer goods or services in violation of federal copyright law; or (3) selling counterfeit goods.
Requires the AG to maintain a public listing of domain names that the Department of Justice (DOJ) determines are dedicated to infringing activities but for which the AG has not filed an action. Allows parties to petition the AG to remove such a domain name from the list and obtain judicial review of the final determination in a civil action.
111th Congress (2009-2010)
Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act (Reported in Senate - RS)
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
• This Act may be cited as the `Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act'.
SEC. 2. INTERNET SITES DEDICATED TO INFRINGING ACTIVITIES.
• (a) Definitions- For purposes of this Act--
- (1) an Internet site is `dedicated to infringing activities' if such site--
* (A) is otherwise subject to civil forfeiture to the United States Government under section 2323 of title 18, United States Code; or
* (B) is--
* (i) primarily designed, or has no demonstrable commercially significant purpose or use other than, or is marketed by its operator, or by a person acting in concert with the operator--
* (I) to offer goods or services in violation of title 17, United States Code, or that enable or facilitate a violation of title 17, United States Code, including but not limited to offering or providing access in a manner not authorized by the copyright owner or otherwise by operation of law, copies or phonorecords of, or public performances or displays of works protected by title 17, in complete or substantially complete form, by any means, including by means of download, streaming, or other transmission, provision of a link or aggregated links to other sites or Internet resources for obtaining access to such copies, phonorecords, performances, displays, goods, or services; or
* (II) to sell or offer to sell or distribute or otherwise promote goods, services, or materials bearing a counterfeit mark, as that term is defined in section 34(d) of the Lanham Act (15 U.S.C. 1116(d)); and
* (ii) engaged in the activities described in subparagraph (A), and when taken together, such activities are the central activities of the Internet site or sites accessed through a specific domain name;
- (2) the term `domain name' has the same meaning as in section 45 of the Lanham Act (15 U.S.C. 1127); and
- (3) the term `Lanham Act' means the Act entitled `An Act to provide for the registration and protection of trademarks used in commerce, to carry out the provisions of certain international conventions, and for other purposes', approved July 5, 1946 (commonly referred to as the `Trademark Act of 1946' or the `Lanham Act').
• (b) Injunctive Relief- On application of the Attorney General following the commencement of an action pursuant to subsection (c), the court may issue a temporary restraining order, a preliminary injunction, or an injunction against the domain name used by an Internet site dedicated to infringing activities to cease and desist from undertaking any further activity in violation of this section, in accordance with rule 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. A party described in subsection (e) receiving an order issued pursuant to this section shall take the appropriate actions described in subsection (e).
• (c) In Rem Action-
- (1) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General may commence an in rem action against any domain name or names used by an Internet site in the judicial district in which the domain name registrar or domain name registry for at least 1 such domain name is located or doing business, or, if pursuant to subsection (d)(2), in the District of Columbia, if--
* (A) the domain name is used by an Internet site dedicated to infringing activities; and
* (B) the Attorney General simultaneously--
* (i) sends a notice of the alleged violation and intent to proceed under this subsection to the registrant of the domain name at the postal and e-mail address provided by the registrant to the registrar, if available; and
* (ii) publishes notice of the action as the court may direct promptly after filing the action.
- (2) SERVICE OF PROCESS- For purposes of this section, the actions described under paragraph (1)(B) shall constitute service of process.
• (d) Situs-
- (1) DOMAINS FOR WHICH THE REGISTRY OR REGISTRAR IS LOCATED DOMESTICALLY- In an in rem action commenced under subsection (c), a domain name shall be deemed to have its situs in the judicial district in which--
* (A) the domain name registrar or registry is located, provided that for a registry that is located or doing business in more than 1 judicial district, venue shall be appropriate at the principal place where the registry operations are performed; or
* (B) documents sufficient to establish control and authority regarding the disposition of the registration and use of the domain name are deposited with the court.
- (2) DOMAINS FOR WHICH THE REGISTRY OR REGISTRAR IS NOT LOCATED DOMESTICALLY-
* (A) ACTION BROUGHT IN DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA- If the provisions of paragraph (1) do not apply to a particular domain name, the in rem action may be brought in the District of Columbia to prevent and restrain the importation into the United States of goods and services offered by an Internet site dedicated to infringing activities if--
* (i) the domain name is used by users within the United States to access such Internet site; and
* (ii) the Internet site--
* (I) conducts business directed to residents of the United States; and
* (II) harms holders of United States intellectual property rights.
* (B) DETERMINATION BY THE COURT- For purposes of determining whether an Internet site conducts business directed to residents of the United States under subparagraph (A)(ii)(I), a court shall consider, among other indicia whether--
* (i) the Internet site is providing goods or services described under subsection (a)(2) to users located in the United States;
* (ii) there is evidence that the Internet site is not intended to provide--
* (I) such goods and services to users located in the United States;
* (II) access to such goods and services to users located in the United States; and
* (III) delivery of such goods and services to users located in the United States;
* (iii) the Internet site has reasonable measures to prevent such goods and services from being obtained in or delivered to the United States;
* (iv) the Internet site offers services obtained in the United States; and
* (v) any prices for goods and services are indicated in the currency of the United States.
• (e) Service of Court Order-
- (1) DOMESTIC DOMAINS- In connection with an order obtained in an action to which subsection (d)(1) applies, the Federal law enforcement officer shall serve any court order issued pursuant to this section on the domain name registrar or, if the domain name registrar is not located within the United States, upon the registry. Upon receipt of such order, the domain name registrar or domain name registry shall suspend operation of, and may lock, the domain name.
- (2) NONDOMESTIC DOMAINS-
* (A) ENTITY TO BE SERVED- In connection with an order obtained in an action to which subsection (d)(2) applies, a Federal law enforcement officer may serve any court order issued pursuant to this section on entities described in clauses (i) through (iii) of subparagraph (B).
* (B) REQUIRED ACTIONS- After being served with an order issued pursuant to this section--
* (i) a service provider, as that term is defined in section 512(k)(1) of title 17, United States Code, or any other operator of a nonauthoritative domain name system server shall, as expeditiously as reasonable, take technically feasible and reasonable steps designed to prevent a domain name from resolving to that domain name's Internet protocol address, except that--
* (I) such entity shall not be required--
* (II) nothing in this subparagraph shall affect the limitation on an entity's liability under section 512 of title 17, United States Code;
* (ii) a financial transaction provider, as that term is defined in section 5362(4) of title 31, United States Code--
* (I) shall take reasonable measures, as expeditiously as reasonable, designed to prevent or prohibit its service from completing payment transactions between its customers located within the United States and the Internet site using the domain name set forth in the order; and
* (II) shall cause notice to be provided to the Internet site using the domain name set forth in the order that the site is not authorized to use the trademark of the financial transaction provider; and
* (iii) a service that provides advertisements to Internet sites shall take reasonable measures, as expeditiously as reasonable, to prevent its network from providing advertisements to an Internet site associated with such domain name.
- (3) COMMUNICATION WITH USERS- An entity taking an action described in this subsection shall determine how to communicate such action to the entity's users or customers.
- (4) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- For purposes of an action filed under this section, the obligations of an entity described in this subsection shall be limited to the actions set out in each paragraph or subparagraph applicable to such entity, and no order issued pursuant to this section shall impose any additional obligations on, or require additional actions by, such entity.
- (5) IMMUNITY-
* (A) ACTIONS PURSUANT TO COURT ORDER- No cause of action shall lie in any Federal or State court or administrative agency against any entity receiving a court order issued under this subsection, or against any director, officer, employee, or agent thereof, for any act reasonably designed to comply with this subsection or reasonably arising from such order, other than in an action pursuant to subsection (g). Any entity receiving an order under this subsection, and any director, officer, employee, or agent thereof, shall not be liable to any party for any acts reasonably designed to comply with this subsection or reasonably arising from such order, other than in an action pursuant to subsection (g), and any actions taken by customers of such entity to circumvent any restriction on access to the Internet domain instituted pursuant to this subsection or any act, failure, or inability to restrict access to an Internet domain that is the subject of a court order issued pursuant to this subsection despite good faith efforts to do so by such entity shall not be used by any person in any claim or cause of action against such entity, other than in an action pursuant to subsection (g).
* (B) VOLUNTARY ACTIONS- No domain name registry, domain name registrar, financial transaction provider, or service that provides advertisements to Internet sites shall be liable to any person on account of any action described in this subsection voluntarily taken if the entity reasonably believes the Internet site is dedicated to infringing activities or to prevent the importation into the United States of goods or services described under subsection (a)(2) offered by such an Internet site.
• (f) Publication of Orders- The Attorney General shall inform the Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator and other law enforcement agencies of all court orders issued under this section directed to specific domain names associated with Internet sites dedicated to infringing activities. The Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator shall, and any entity described in subsection (e) may, post such domain names on a publicly available Internet site, together with other relevant information, in order to inform the public. Upon the expiration or vacation of a court order issued under this subsection, the Attorney General shall inform the Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator of such expiration or vacation, and the Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator shall promptly remove the affected domain name or names from such publicly available Internet site.
• (g) Enforcement of Orders-
- (1) IN GENERAL- In order to compel compliance with this section, the Attorney General may bring an action for injunctive relief against any party receiving a court order issued pursuant to this section that knowingly and willfully fails to comply with such order. A showing by the defending party in such action that it does not have the technical means to comply with this section, or that the order is inconsistent with this section, shall serve as a defense to such action to the extent of the inability to comply or such inconsistency.
- (2) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- The authority granted the Attorney General under paragraph (1) shall be the sole legal remedy for enforcing the obligations under this section of any entity described in subsection (e).
• (h) Modification or Vacation of Orders- At any time after the issuance of a court order under this section--
- (1) the Attorney General may apply for a modification of the order--
* (A) to expand the order to apply to an Internet site that is reconstituted using a different domain name subsequent to the original order, and
* (B) to include additional domain names that are used in substantially the same manner as the Internet site against which the action was brought,
- by providing the court with evidence that the Internet site associated with the requested modification (i) is dedicated to infringing activities in substantially the same manner as, and (ii) is under joint control, ownership, or operation of, or other affiliation with, the domain name subject to the order;
- (2) a defendant or owner or operator of a domain name subject to the order, or any party required to take action based on the order, may petition the court to modify, suspend, or vacate the order, based on evidence that--
* (A) the Internet site associated with the domain name subject to the order is no longer, or never was, dedicated to infringing activities; or
* (B) the interests of justice require that the order be modified, suspended, or vacated; and
- (3) a registrar or owner, licensee, or operator of a domain name subject to the order may petition the court to vacate the order based on evidence that the registration of the domain name has expired and the domain name has been re-registered by a different party.
• (i) Savings Clause-
- (1) IN GENERAL- Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit or expand civil or criminal remedies available to any person (including the United States) for infringing activities on the Internet pursuant to any other Federal or State law.
- (2) VICARIOUS OR CONTRIBUTORY LIABILITY- Nothing in this section shall be construed to enlarge or diminish vicarious or contributory liability for any cause of action available under title 17, United States Code, including any limitations on liability under section 512 of such title 17.
SEC. 3. REQUIRED ACTIONS BY THE ATTORNEY GENERAL.
• The Attorney General shall--
- (1) publish procedures developed in consultation with other relevant law enforcement agencies, including Immigration and Customs Enforcement, to receive information from the public about Internet sites that are dedicated to infringing activities;
- (2) provide guidance to intellectual property rights holders about what information such rights holders should provide the Department of Justice to initiate an investigation pursuant to this Act;
- (3) provide guidance to intellectual property rights holders about how to supplement an ongoing investigation initiated pursuant to this Act;
- (4) establish standards for prioritization of actions brought under this Act;
- (5) provide appropriate resources and procedures for case management and development to affect timely disposition of actions brought under this Act; and
- (6) develop a deconfliction process in consultation with other law enforcement agencies, including Immigration and Customs Enforcement, to coordinate enforcement activities brought under this Act.
SEC. 4. REPORT.
• Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Commerce shall study and report to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives on the impact of the steps described in section 2(e) on an entity's ability to deploy effectively and use Domain Name System Security Extensions.
111th CONGRESS, 2d Session
Dr. Matt offers telephone counseling that will fix your problems fast!
The Greatest Prize
The book, "Changing Your Stripes" presents principles for getting out of
"Mastering a challenging situation
"Changing Your Stripes," teaches you the principles that lead to lasting change,
If these principles resonate and ring true,
Changing Your Stripes is a